Different terms are used in the insurance. Important among them are given below


The party or the individual who seeks protection against a specified task and entitled to receive payment from the insurer in the event of happening of stated event is known as insured. An insured is normally in insurance policy holder.


The party who promises to pay indemnity the insured on the happening of contingency is known as insurer. The insurer is an insurance company.


The person or the party to whom the policy proceeds will be paid in the event of the death or happening of any contingency is called beneficiary.


An agreement binding at law between two or more parties is called contract.


The amount which is paid to the insurer by the insured in consideration to insurance contract is known as premium. It may be paid on monthly, quarterly, half yearly, yearly or as agreed upon it is the price for an insurance policy.

Insured sum

The sum for which the risk is insured is called the insured sum, or the policy money or the face value of the policy. This is the maximum liability of the insurer towards the insured.


A peril is an event that causes a personal or property loss by fire, windstorm, explosion, collision premature death, sickness, floods, dishonesty etc.


Hazard is a condition that may create, increase or decrease the chances of loss from a given peril.


An exposure is a measure of physical extent of the risk. An individual who owns a business house may be subjected to economic loss and individual loss because of his business and personal exposure.

Cover note

An unstamped document issued by or on behalf of insurers as evidence of insurance pending issue of policy.


Monetary compensation award at law for a civil wrong or breach of contract.


Compensation for actual loss suffered is call indemnity.


Reinsurance is a method where by the original insurer transfer all or part of risk he has assumed to another company or companies with the object of reducing his own commitment to an reducing his own commitment to an amount that he can bear for his own account commensurate with his financial resources in the event of loss. It was originally confined to offers and acceptances on individual risk known as facultative reinsurance transactions.

Double Insurance

Double insurance implies that subject matter is insured in two or more insurance companies (insurers) and the total sum insured exceeds the actual value of subject matter. In other words, the same subject matter is insured in more than one insurer.

No claim bonus

The bonus is getting under the policy, if the claim is not reported during the policy period and after that the time renewal (in time) then as per the policy term no claim bonus is avail for the vehicle insurance policy and the rate of bonus is different in different general insurance companies, and the maximum rate should be up to 50% as per the norms.